Sakaki tree

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. sakaki 榊 と伝説 Legends about the Sakaki tree .

Sakaki tree (sakaki 榊)

***** Location: Japan
***** Season: Various, see below
***** Category: Plant


sakaki さかき【榊】 sakaki tree, Cleyera japonica

CLICK for more photos

This is the sacred tree of Japanese Shinto.

. shinboku 神木, shinju 神樹 sacred tree, divine tree .
imiki, imi ki 忌み木 "taboo tree"


- - - - - Inoue Nobutaka writes:
Cleyera japonica, an evergreen tree whose branches are used in Shinto ritual, for example, as offering wands (tamagushi) presented before a kami. When presented as tamagushi, it is usual to attach paper streamers (shide) to the branch. Branches of sakaki are also used for decoration, purification implements, and as hand-held "props" (torimono) in ritual dance. Sakaki may also be affixed to shrine buildings or fences as a means of designating the interior as sacred space.

Theories regarding the etymology of the word sakaki range from those based on the nature of the sakaki as an "evergreen" or "always thriving tree" (sakaeru-ki), and thus point to the sense of prosperity or thriving, to others which derive from the use of the tree as a "border-tree" (sakai-ki) used to demarcate sacred space.

In the "divine age" chapters of Kojiki, the term sakaki appears in the episode of the rites observed to draw Amaterasu out of the heavenly rock cave; the passage states that "they tore from the very roots the flourishing masakaki of the mountain Ame no Kaguyama," festooned it with jewel beads, a mirror, and cloth (nigite). A similar passage is found in Nihongi, which also includes a passage in the record of Emperor Keikō that speaks of the "sakaki of Mount Shitsu," while the record of Emperor Chūai refers to a "flourishing (lit., ‘five-hundred branch') sakaki."

All of these records note that jewels, swords, and mirrors were hung from the branches. The sakaki has been used since ancient times in divine rituals. While the name originally referred to all evergreens, it gradually was limited to those trees of the tea (Theaceae) family. In practice, however, a number of other trees, including oak (kashi), cryptomeria (sugi), boxwood (tsuge), and fir (momi) are sometimes substituted in ritual use.

As the examples of masakaki found in Kojiki and Nihongi suggest, the trees were decorated in a number of different ways: some were adorned with mirrors, jewels, and swords, some with five-colored silks, mirror, jewels and swords, while others were decorated only with five-colored silks. In the Rules for Ritual Procedure at Shrines (Jinja saishiki) implemented in 1875, the term masakaki is used to refer to two poles of Japanese cypress (hinoki), to the tips of which are attached branches of sakaki, and below which are attached five-color silks (blue, yellow, red, white, and purple). The pole on the right (when facing the shrine) is decorated with a mirror and a jewel, and the one on the left with a sword.
source : Kokugaku University. 2005


Sakaki (Cleyera japonica) is a flowering evergreen tree native to warm areas of Japan, Korea and mainland China. It can reach a height of 10 m. The leaves are 6-10 cm long, smooth, oval, leathery, shiny and dark green above, yellowish-green below, with deep furrows for the leaf stem. The bark is dark reddish brown and smooth.
The small, scented, cream-white flowers open in early summer, and are followed later by berries which start red and turn black when ripe. Sakaki is one of the common trees in the second layer of the evergreen oak forests.

Sakaki wood is used for making utensils (especially combs), building materials, and fuel. It is commonly planted in gardens, parks, and shrines.

The Japanese word sakaki is written 榊 with a kanji character that combines ki 木 "tree; wood" and kami 神 "spirit; god", depicting "sacred tree; divine tree".

Sakaki is considered a sacred tree in the Shinto religion along with other evergreens such as hinoki 檜 "Japanese cypress" and kansugi 神杉 "sacred cryptomeria". In Shinto ritual offerings to the kami 神 "gods; spirits", branches of sakaki are decorated with (shide) paper streamers to make tamagushi. ...
Sakaki 榊 first appears in the (12th century) Konjaku Monogatarishū, but two 8th-century transcriptions are 賢木 "sage tree" (Kojiki, tr. Chamberlain 1981:64 "pulling up by pulling its roots a true cleyera japonica with five hundred [branches] from the Heavenly Mount Kagu") and 坂木 "slope tree"...
... The etymology of sakaki 榊 is uncertain.
With linguistic consensus that the -ki suffix denotes 木 "tree", the two most probable etymologies are either sakae-ki "evergreen tree" (from sakae 栄え "flourishing; luxuriant; prosperous") or sakai-ki "boundary tree" (from sakai 境 "boundary; border"). Carr (1995:13) cites Japanese tradition and historical phonology to support the latter etymon.
[In reconstructed Old Japanese, sakaki < sakakī and sakai "boundary" were "monograde" (一段) while sakae "flourishing" was "bigrade" (二段). © More in the WIKIPEDIA !

tamagushi 玉串 offering of a sacred branch


observance kigo for late spring

sakaki giri, sakakigiri 榊伐(さかきぎり) cutting sakaki

During the San-O Festival

Sannoo matsuri 山王祭 (さんのうまつり) Sanno Festival
Hiyoshi matsuri 日吉祭(ひよしまつり) Hiyoshi festival

. . . . .

plant kigo for late spring

hisakaki no hana 柃の花 (ひさかきのはな)
hisakaki blossoms
nocha 野茶(のちゃ)"wild tea"
Eurya japonica Thunb
used in place of sakaki for Shinto offerings


plant kigo for mid-summer

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sakaki no hana 榊の花 (さかきのはな)
sakaki blossoms
..... hana sakaki 花榊(はなさかき)


observance kigo for mid-winter

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sakaki oni 榊鬼(さかきおに) Sakaki demon

during a kagura performance at the Mikawa Matsuri

Sakaki Oni, one of the demon, dances the, "Henbai 返閇 / 反閉 / 返閉 /反陪" moves and stomps on the ground to invoke a good and plentiful harvest of the five main crops, safe homes, and good health.
He is infusing the earth with renewed life and vitality.
The Sakaki Oni is also known for answering questions.

Yamami Oni performs a dynamic movement of splitting the large iron pot as if the pot was a mountain being split into two pieces.

The Mokichi Oni (Asa Oni) hits and brings down a beehive by using his beetle. The bee hive is a mesh shaped bag made with different (five) coloured papers. The paper bag is hung above the iron pot by the hosts of the festivals and the host puts many coins into the beehive. When Mokichi Oni hits the beehive, people rush it and snap up the coins because they believe the coins will bring them happiness.

The Hana Matsuri festivals are held in Shimotsuki (November of the lunar calendar). Fukawa's Hana Matsuri is held a on the first Saturday and Sunday of March. It is much warmer than the other Hana Matsuri events. This marks the beginning of the Spring season.
source : pref.aichi.jp/global/en

. Kagura Dance in Japan .

hanamatsuri, hana matsuri 花祭 (はなまつり)
flower festival

Mikawa hanamatsuri 三河花祭(みかわはなまつり)
hana kagura 花神楽(はなかぐら)flower kagura
sakaki oni 榊鬼(さかきおに)Sakaki demon

Worldwide use

Things found on the way

. Kamo Mikate Matsuri 賀茂御蔭祭
"honorable shadow festival"

. Sakaki and the Kasuga Shrine Mandala  


CLICK for more photos of the dance !

hoshi itete chi o utsu mai no sakaki oni

the stars are cold -
the Sakaki demon dances
and stomps the ground

橋本榮治 Hashimoto Eiji (1953 - )





. sakaki 榊 と伝説 Legends about the Sakaki tree .

- #sakaki -




Happy New 2011

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Happy New 2011


明けましておめでとうございます !




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CLICK for more photos

Yemen (Arabic: اal-Yaman), officially the Republic of Yemen (Arabic: al-Jumhuuriyya al-Yamaniyya) is a Middle Eastern country located on the Arabian Peninsula in Southwest Asia. With a population of about 20 million people, Yemen is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the North, the Red Sea to the West, the Arabian Sea and Gulf of Aden to the South, and Oman to the east. Yemen's territory includes over 200 islands, the largest of which is Socotra, about 415 kilometres (260 miles) to the south of Yemen, off the coast of Somalia. It is the only republic on the Arabian Peninsula. The capital is Sanaa (Sana'a).

Yemen is one of the oldest centers of civilization in the world. Between 2300 BC and the sixth century AD, it was part of the Sabaean, Awsanian, Minaean, Qatabanian, Hadhramawtian, Himyarite, and some other kingdoms, which controlled the lucrative spice trade. It was known to the Ancient Romans as Arabia Felix ("Happy Arabia") because of the riches its trade generated. Augustus Caesar attempted to annex it, but the expedition failed. The Ethiopian Kingdom of Aksum annexed it by around 520, and it was subsequently taken by the Sassanids Persians around 570.

In 1839, the British occupied the port of Aden and established it as a colony in September of that year. They also set up a zone of loose alliances (known as protectorates) around Aden to act as a protective buffer. North Yemen became independent of the Ottoman Empire in 1918 and became a republic in 1962. In 1967, the British withdrew and gave back Aden to Yemen due to extreme pressure of battles with the North and Egyptian allies. After the British withdrawal, this area became known as South Yemen. The two countries were formally united as the Republic of Yemen on May 22, 1990.

© More in the WIKIPEDIA !



We use the four classic seasons.
There are also two rainy seasons, monsoon-like:

spring monsoon: march / april
summer monsoon: july / august

"Most of Yemen lies in the border zone between two main weather patterns: the regular northerly winds (from the Mediterranean basin) and the southwest monsoon winds. These create a fairly well-defined seasonal rhythm; the northerly winds predominate during the winter, while in the summer the southwest monsoon brings the primary rains.
Cut off from this pattern by the central mountains, the southern fringe areas on the Gulf of Aden experience a markedly tropical climate."
 © www.britannica.com

Yemen: Climate and Rainfall





Al Khallool flute

Arab Spring
the Arab “uprising” (Intifada), the Arab “awakening” (Sahwa).

Berries, Badian berries

Bread from Lahj (khamir lahaji)

Burj Khalifa Building in Dubai

Canna lily

Chameleon, Veiled chameleon (Chamaeleo calyptratus)

Civil War, 1994

Desert, sand desert

Eid Al-Adha "Festival of Sacrifice" (Eid-ul-Adha)

Eid Al-Kabir, Aid Al Kabir

Honey badger, ratel Mellivora capensis

Henna, Hennah (Lawsonia inermis, syn. L. alba)

. Islamic Holidays, Muslim Holidays  

Katydid, long-horned grasshopper, bush cricket

Khat, Catha edulis, chewing khat

Myrrh (Commiphora myrrha) Yemen

Night of Power, Lailatul Qadr / Lailat-Ul-Qadr

Orchid, orchids

Ramadan, "moon of faith"

Rose of Sharon (Hibiscus)

Sambosa, samosa Food during the Ramadan

Sana'a, Aden Sanaa, the capital of Yemen

Shawwal and fasting the month of Shawwal

Socotra Island

Tea, tea glass




Yemen Public Holidays as KIGO


Bulbul mating and nesting season

Bird egg shells

Mother's day
March 21

Prickly Pear Cactus, Opuntia FamilyFlowers

Quince flowers (blossoms) Arabic Name: Safarjal

Sodom apple blossoms

Starling, amethyst starling and other birds

Thorny-headed globe thistle
Echinops spinosissimus and other thistles

Turtles nesting

Western Reef Heron (Egretta gularis)

Woodpecker breeding Arabian woodpecker (Dendrocopos dorae)



Acacia blossoms

Arabian gentian Exacum affine

Barbados Pride (Caesalpinia pulcherrima)

Cotton blossoms

Dates, ripe dates from the Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera)

Desert rose (Adenium obesum)

Dust clouds

Flame of the Forest Tree (Delonix regia)

Floods, monsoon rain

Forty days of water

Iris, bearded Iris (Iris albicans)


Juniper berries

Mango fruit

Melon / cool melon / watermelon

Millet planting

Mosquito net

National Unity Day, Day of National Unity

Marigold Plants in the family Asteraceae.

Prickly Pear Cactus, Opuntia FamilyFruit

Quince fruit Arabic Name: Safarjal

dense clouds (July-August)
sea storming / storming sea or "upwelling"
runoff water

Straw hats (dholas, kofias and hadrami)

Thunderheads, lightning and rumbling thunder

Water tank (As-Saharieg)

Yemen linet (Carduelis yemenensis) Birds:
Yemen thrush (Turdus menachensis), Palm Dove (Streptopelia senegalensi) and Yemen warbler (Parisoma buryi)



Black kite (Milvus migrans)

Coffee berries coffee beans

Cotton harvest, cotton bolls

eucalyptus flowers

Independence Day


Millet harvest

October in the desert

Olive, olives (fruit)

Papaya tree leaves pawpaw leaf

Revolution Day, September 26

Yellowfin tuna (thamad)
Thunnus albacares



almond flowers

Camel, Dromedary (Camelus dromedarius) Yemen



Honey, Winter honey



Screw worm, screw worms

Sand skiing, dune skiing


General Information

. . . When Yemen Blooms

. . . Birds of Yemen

. . . More Birds of Yemen

YEMEN TIMES newspaper




- North America Saijiki LIST

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The North American Saijiki Project

Maybe in 100 years time, we might celebrate the

Great American Haiku Heritage Saijiki!

(I invented this word in September 2007.)

North America is a large continent, comprising
Canada, the United States and Mexico, politically.

The World Kigo Database is trying to establish saijiki for different regions of it.
Rather then struggeling with unfamiliar Japanese kigo,
go ahead and pick up your local regional items !

If you want to introduce your own region in greater detail, please feel free to contact me to establish your own area saijiki. It takes time and effort and then more time, but maybe, you are onto something.... The Japanese Saijiki was not written in one week either ... smile ..

Gabi Greve


The most general collection of kigo for North American here:

World Kigo Database : Kiyose for Northern America

Regional Saijiki:

World Kigo Database : Alaska Saijiki

World Kigo Database : Canada Saijiki .. SAIJIKI Canadiens

World Kigo Database : Chesapeake Bay Saijiki

World Kigo Database : Florida Saijiki

World Kigo Database : New England Saijiki
With many Memorial Days, Holidays and other Observances

World Kigo Database : Oklahoma Saijiki
The Southwest of North America

Prairie : North American Prairie Saijiki

World Kigo Database : Sierra Nevada

World Kigo Database : Sonoran Saijiki


External LINKs
(let me know yours for registration !)

Selected by Kenkichi Yamamoto
Translated by Kris Young Kondo and William J. Higginson
source : haikai/renku

Haiku Society of America (est. 1968) - HSA


HSA Regional Chapters
Washington / Plains and Mountains / Midwest / Northeast New England / Oregon / Southwest / South / Southeast / Northeast Metro / California / Alaska / Mid-Atlantic
With extensive info about the regional members.
source : www.hsa-haiku.org/regions

Boston Haiku Society

Haiku Northwest

Haiku Oregon

New Orleans Haiku Society (NOHS)

Haiku Poets of Northern California

North Carolina Haiku Society Blog

Haiku Poets of Northern California
President: Garry Gay

Haiku San Diego Blog
steering committee: Billie Dee,,Seretta Martin,,Naia,,Megan Webster
2010 Southern California Haiku Study Group Anthology
Billie Dee, editor

Central Valley Haiku Club, California
w. f. owen, President

Southern California Haiku Study Group Blog
With many kigo for the monthly haiku meetings.

Kigo Lists for Southern California Billie Dee

BACKKUP ... Kigo Lists for Southern California

Yuki Teikei Haiku Society

San Francisco Bay Area Nature Guide and Saijiki
Patrick Gallagher , Anne M. Homan, Patricia J. Machmiller
A combination of field guide and haiku; beautiful photographs and art accompany descriptions of seasonal occurances of natural phenomena and human activities in the San Francisco Bay Area. Each element is accompanied by haiku that evoke an emotional or spiritual aspect of the human interaction with the natural world.
September 2010
. . . . . Test Reading at LULU publications

Red Moon Press was founded in 1993.
Our goal is to continue to publish the best in English-language haiku from around the world.
Red Moon Press / Jim Kacian

The Haiku Foundation (THF)
Jim Kacian
. The Haiku Foundation, troutswirl BLOG  
July 2010

NaHaiWriMo - National Haiku Writing Month
Michael Dylan Welch.
source : site/nahaiwrimo

now features a lot of regional haiku groups.
Please check the HSA facebook page for further information.
source : www.facebook.com/HaikuSocietyOfAmerica


heat lightning --
all the way into Mexico
the mountains rise

Michael McClintock
The Heron's Nest, II:5


Some kigo and topics

of the Southern California Season Word List

Chinese lantern festival
Cinco de Mayo
El Dia de los Muertos
Election Day (Nov)
Festival of Books
French Open
National Poetry Month
Oscar awards
Summer Shakespeare


Some kigo and topics
of the World Kigo Database

Amisch, Amish, Amish Mennonites
Amstrong, Lance Armstrong road racing cyclist
Appleseed, Johnny Appleseed, John Chapman (1774 - 1845)

Baseball and related kigo
"Best of the year" list, 10 best list
Big Sur, California
Blue Ridge Mountains
Breast Cancer Awareness Month (BCAM)

Bridges in the USA
Bay Bridge San Francisco
Brooklyn Bridge New York
Golden Gate Bridge, San Francisco

Bumbershoot festival Seattle, Washington

Cape Fear, North Carolina
Challenger Space Shuttle
Chickadee, Poecile atricapillus
Corn shucking, corn husking
Cracker Jack
Crane Canyon Regional Park, California
Cowboys Blanket Dallas, Texas

Dulicmer "hog fiddle"

Eastwooding, Cling Eastwood
Evening Snow - Linanthus dichotomus

Family Day
Folsom Street Fair and Festival San Francisco
Fourth of July, Independence Day

Geoduck clam (Panopea generosa)
Girl Scout cookies

Haboob, sandstorm Arizona
Houston, Whitney Houston (1963 – 2012)

Indian paintbrush (Castilleja)

Jackie Robinson Day USA
Jazz Music

Labor Day, Labour Day September
Lakota Sioux People
La Paloma - song
Liatris, Blazing-Star

Mallomars chocolate cookies New Jersey
Martin Luther King, Jr. Day
Meadowlark - state bird of Wyoming
Milkweed (toowata 唐綿)

National Gallery of Art, Washington,D.C.
New York - places

Obama, Barack Obama

Redwing - Turdus iliacus

Rimrock, cliff formations
Robin, American Robin (Turdus migratorius)
Rhode Island : WaterFire

Scouting for Food
Snow, Phoebe Snow

Taku Winds, Alaska
Tax paying season, income tax
Texas Bluebonnet (Lupinus texensis)
Tex-Mex food Texas, Mexico
Tipi teepee, Lakota tent
Tule fog California

Washington, George Washington (1732 - 1799)

Yukon River





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The local climate is hot, humid, and tropical. The average yearly temperature is around 26.5°C. There are three recognized seasons:

Tag-init or Tag-araw (the hot season or summer from March to May),
Tag-ulan (the rainy season from June to November), and
Taglamig (the cold season from December to February).

The southwest monsoon (May-October) is known as the "Habagat" and the dry winds of the northeast monsoon (November-April) as the "Amihan".
© www.canadiancontent.net

CLICK for more photos


. . . . . KIGO

Amihan and Habagat monsoon

Ati-Atihan Festival , Kalibo, Aklan

Barangay Fiesta

Bataan Day (Araw ng Kagitingan) Bataan Beach

Bonifacio Day


Independence Day, June 12, 1898

Laundry day


Mother's Day (second sunday in May)

Narra tree and blossoms, Golden ShowerPterocarpus indicus

New Year, First Haiku

New Year 2009 in the Philippines

Pounding Rice

School opening, starting school

Three Kings Day , Epiphany


. . . . . HAIKU TOPICS

Aswang shape shifter

Bagoong anchovy paste
Banca, bancas, outrigger canoes
belo, veil (fb)
bibingka and puto bumbong food (fb)
- Birds -

Euphorbia blossoms

Cagsawa ruins and Mount Mayon volcano
Cockatiel (Nymphicus hollandicus), also called Quarrion or Weero
Coconuts and Coconut palm trees
Cricket frog (genus Acris)

Donsol Beach
Dynamite fishing, blast fishing

Euphorbia cactus

FISH from the Philippines
..... Fish Market
Food, generally
Food, vegetables


Kanduli, Salmon catfish
Kapre and other monsters
Kesz Valdez Philippines, Children’s Peace Prize 2012

Llocos region

Manta Ray (Manta birostris)
Milkfish (Chanos chanos) also called Bangus. Boneless Bangus.
Mount Makiling, Anna Makeling
Mud fish
Munia bird, Chestnut Munia, maya pula Lonchura atricapilla jagori

Nipa hut

Paco Station Manila
Paoay Church, Ilocos Norte
Pasig River and tug boats Manila
Pinoy street food

Rabbit fish
Rice in the Philippines

Sampaguita, a kind of Jasmine Jasminum sambac
San Miguel Beer
Surgeon fish

Taal Lake
Taro (gabi) taro root
Tarsier, Philippine Tarsier (Tarsius syrichta)
the world's smallest monkey
Tawilis (Sardinella tawilis)
Tilapia Fish, Nile Perch
- - - species of cichlid fishes from the tilapiine cichlid tribe.
Tinikling dance, tikling bird
Typhoon Ketsana, September 2009

Vanda orchids

Wahoo fish (Acanthocybium solandri)

Yakal tree - Shorea astylosa


.................................. Haiku Poets

Angelo B. Ancheta

lumipad ang maya
galing sa balikat ng nagjojogging
patalikod sa araw

a maya rises
from a jogger's back
on the sun

source : Simply Haiku

. Angleo on facebook .


Wilfredo R. Bongcaron

1.) Awake

Listen! the humming,
the buzzing and the chirping,
nature is awake.

2.) Pond

Raw flakes swiftly tossed,
Slow in the pond they wiggle,
the goldfish I feed.

© www.emanilapoetry.com February 2008

Daily Life in the Philippines
A Haiku Collection


Bos Tsip - AoSuzume
Joys of Japan, facebook


Melchor Cichon

Boracay Beach--
the setting sun
waves in the sea

Read more of his poems and haiku here:

© Haiku by Melchor Cichon
Iloilo, Philippines


after Typhoon Undang--
begin to sing again

after harvest--
Fundidor instead of Tanduay
on the table

after the riot--
a couple of activists
share the rising full moon

Aklan River bank
after the flood
the river smiles

Read more here:

© Haiku by Melchor Cichon : Aklanon Literature


Roh Mih

The Walk of Ten Thousand Steps

before the buddha
yet to bloom

kind enough
to pick up a fallen leaf
the elephant

... ... ...

a glass of water

Ramadan October 2005

... ... ... ... ...

All Saints Day--
candles melting
in every gate

On the night of All Saints Day, the typical Filipino household traditionally lights a candle (or candles) and places it by the door or by the gate. The candle is supposed to scare ghosts or spirits away. But the tradition also reminds us of our mortality, and how short our life is on earth.
Here's a text message I received today from an elderly woman among the indigenous people in the northern part of the Philippines:

Remembering those gone first is recognizing our mortaility and honoring our short passage with faith and fidelity.

... ... ... ... ...

old tree--
into its stillness
a grass lizard

the silence of
cash registers

NOTE on the second haiku:
Most Filipinos are Catholics. Especially in the rural areas, the recitation of the Angelus is seriously being observed not only at homes but also in public places. In one supermarket I visited, everyone -- including, of course, the cashiers -- had to stop at the start of the Angelus. You don't hear any sound, especially the sound of cash registers. The Angelus moment therefore serves as a break from our daily struggle in the material world, and a reminder of the spirituality of our existence.

roh mih, Manila, Philippines
Taoist. haijin

Read more in the BLOG of Roh Mih


Victor P. Gendrano

In the Philippines, one of the rural customs for the new year is to fill the rice bin (or container) on or before new year to prevent hunger in the family throughout the year. It need not be really full, but never empty at all. Like in most Asian countries, Filipinos are rice eaters, their staple food.

new year
a full rice bin
to prevent hunger

Victor P. Gendrano, Philippines, 2007

When the first wave of Spanish colonizers arrived in the Philippines in 1521, they found a self-sufficient people with a primitive form of government who were highly literate and rich in oral tradition. The early Filipinos had a spoken as well as incipient written language of their own. They used an ancient Tagalog syllabary called baybayin, which they wrote on palm leaves, bamboo or hard surface with a knife or stylus.

Read more HERE
Tagalog and English Haiku
by Victor P. Gendrano

Simply Haiku, 2005


Lanie Shanzyra P. Rebancos

In ancient temple
a murmur of prayers

A dash of rainbow-
wooden carts fiiled with



Santiago Villafania

. transluscent pages
in the afric of my mind ―
bonsaic verses .


Editors: Jean Vengua & Mark Young
ISBN: 951-9198-72-5

Poetry. Multicultural Studies. The "hay (na) ku" is a poetic form invented by Eileen Tabios, as inspired by Richard Brautigan, Jack Kerouac, and Tabios' meditations on the Filipino transcolonial and diasporic experience. The form is deceptively simple: a tercet comprised of one-, two- and three-word lines.

Inaugurated on June 12, 2003 (Philippine Independence Day), the form swiftly became popular and since has been used by poets all over the world.



Mga Haiku ni Basho sa Inakeanon
Basho's Haiku in Aklanon
Aklanon is the language of Aklanons in the province of Aklan, Philippines.

by Melchor F. Cichon

The following are my translations of Basho's haiku as published in On Love and Barley Haiku of Basho, translated by Lucien Stryk. Penguin Books, 1985.

1. Sa bag-o kong kapa
kainang agahon—
eain nga tawo.

2. Mga kaeanasan, mga kabukiran
it Hubaku, sa
siyam nga adlaw--tagtubo.

3. Kada dag-on,
ro maskara't amo
kapakita ro pagkaamo.

4. Bag-ong Dag-on--ro Basho-Tosei
nga gina-istaran
ginahagungan it haiku

5. Bag-ong Dag-on—
may kasubo
halin pa ku tigdaeagas

253. Gaoy sa pagwinayod
sa gagiltak nga kaeanasan
mga damgo nagapadayon.

Translated by Tata Goloy

Basho's Haiku in Aklanon.
Read the whole collection.

Safekeep Copy


All-Filipino Haiku Contest, August 2006
external link

The contest was organized by the Japan Information and Cultural Center , Embassy of Japan and the University of Santo Tomas Graduate Studies in commemoration of the Philippines-Japan Friendship Year.


an article below from ARAB NEWS
Imagine a world without Philippinos
June 2008


CLICK for more Information !



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............. German Saijiki

Liste Deutscher Jahreszeitenwörter

Ein Deutsches Saijiki / German Saijiki


Frühling Spring

Blumen und Pflanzen: Anemone . Baumblüten (auch in Deutschland besonders die Kirschblüte Cherry Blossoms (sakura, Japan) ), Knospen, Flieder (lilac, Syringa)
Zwiebel- und Knollengewächse (Tulpen Tulip , Narzissen), . Maiglöckchen 鈴蘭 suzuran . , Waldmeister, Weide, Weidenblüten, Weidenkätzchen

Tiere: Vogellied, Nachtigall, Nestbau (... Spring at the Zoo , also Bird's Nest), Vogelbrut, Frösche (Frog (kawazu, kaeru) , Quaken, Lamm, Kitz, Kalb, Küken, Maikäfer

Natur: Vorfrühling > Altschnee Snow (yuki) , Firnschnee, Schneematsch, Schneeschmelze > Sturzbäche, brüchiges Eis, Wind .. .. .. .. .. WIND in various kigo , hoher Wellengang (im Herbst wie im Frühjahr), Mooreinsamkeit (Frühling und Winter), Föhn (in bergnahen Gebieten) , Gentle breeze, soft breeze, Linde Lüfte

Feste, Feiertage und traditionelle Bräuche: Karfreitag, Ostern Easter , Pfingsten, Walpurgis Night (walpurgisnight) (25.02. oder/und 01.05), Bittgang, Prozession (Fronleichnam Corpus Christi Procession ), Almauftrieb ( Cowbells (Kuhglocken, Germany), Muttertag (2. Sonntag im Mai Mother's Day )


Drüben noch Firnschnee
hier öffnet sich weit dem Blau
die Wolkendecke
(Erica Lauer-Below)

Ein Kirschblütenzweig
aus meines Freundes Garten schmückt
jetzt mein Zimmer

(Rolf Boehm)



Sommer Summer

Blumen und Pflanzen: wogendes Getreidefeld, Beerenernte, Rosen, blühende Bergwiesen, gemähte Wiesen, Bauerngarten, Feldrain, Kräuter, Fülle und Farbigkeit der Natur, Kamille, sattes Grün der Bäume, Baumschatten, rauschende Bäume,Schilf, Rebhänge

Tiere: Insekten > Fliegen, Schmetterling, Bienen Bee (mitsubachi) , Hummeln, Wespen, Grillen, Libellen, Heuschrecken, Leuchtkäfer Fireflies (hotaru) (05) (Japan) , Fische, Schnecken, Eidechsen, Salamander, Vipern.

Natur: Blendender Mond, roter Mond (see .. .. .. .. MOON and its LINKS..), Sonnenglast, flimmernde Hitze, lange Tage, Tautropfen, Gewitter, Regenbogen, Sommersonnenwende, schönste Wolken, Rinnsal
Trockenheit, sonnenverbranntes Feld

Feste, Feiertage und traditionelle Bräuche: Johannisfeuer (24.Juni), Michaelistag (29.September - Spätsommer), Feldbegehung (vor der Ernte), Siebenschläfer (27.Juni), Hundstage Dog Days (doyoo, Japan) (23.Juli - 23.August)
Fronleichnam, Fronleichnamszug
Mai, der Wonnemonat


Blendender Vollmond -
nur sein Licht auf den Wellen
schmerzt nicht das Auge.

(Imma von Bodmershof)

es regnet heute füttert
der Penner Schwäne

(Mario Fitterer)

Regenbogenzeit -
ein Kind hüpft barfuss
durch Pfützen
(Andrea D´Alessandro)


Ein japanische Rosenseite:


Herbst Autumn

Blumen und Pflanzen:
Obsternte (Äpfel, Birnen, Pflaumen), Buntlaub (see Leaf Watching ), Blätterfall (see Fallen leaves (ochiba) , Welklaub, Stoppelfeld, Getreidestoppeln, abgeerntete Felder, leere Felder, Astern, Chrysanthemen (see Chrysanthemum ), Pilze, Kastanien (see Horse Chestnut (Part 2) , Nüsse, Baumfrüchte, Samen von Gräsern und Stauden, Rebhänge
Hagebutte (rose hip)

Tiere: Spinnennetze Spiders , Eichhörnchen, Igel, Hase, Mäuse, Hamster, Heimtreiben der Schafherden, Vogelzug (vor allem in Verbindung mit großen Vögeln wie Gänsen (see Snow Geese ), Schwänen oder Störchen)

Natur: Kalter Wind WIND in various kigo , Sturm, klarer Sternenhimmel, klare Sternbilder, Sternschnuppen (Leoniden Leonid Meteor Shower .. .. Geminid Meteor Shower), schönste Sonnen, Bergzacken (klarste Sicht im Herbst), rötliches Sonnenlicht, hoher Wellengang (im Herbst wie im Frühjahr), Sturm Typhoon (Japan)

Feste und Feiertage und traditionelle Bräuche: Michaelistag (29.September), Winzerfest, Schäferlauf, Stoppelfeld(-lauf), Drachensteigenlassen, Oktoberfest (Germany) , Erntedank, Almabtrieb (see Cowbells (Kuhglocken, Germany) , Allerheiligen (1.November All Saints’ Day .. All Souls’ Day, Hallowe’en), Hubertusjagd (3. November), Mauerfall (9.November), St. Martin (11.November), Martinsgans (11.November)


Stoppelfeldlauf -
ein Schäferhund
geht in Führung

(Andrea D`Alessandro)

Leer sind die Stühle
rings um den Tisch im Garten.
Nur Blätter zu Gast.
(Friedrich Rohde)





Blumen und Pflanzen: Christrose, Weihnachtsstern, Zaubernuss, kahle Bäume, nackte Zweige, dunkle Nadelgehölze, blasses und verdorrtes Gras/Schilf, Misteln (see Mistletoe ), Schneeglöckchen, Krokusse > Winterende

Barbarazweige, Barbara twigs

Tiere: streitende Amseln, hungrige Tiere, Streit um Futter/Körner, Reh, Hasen, Kaninchen, Standvögel, Futterhaus, Futterraufe, Krähen (schwarzes Gefieder, Krächzen , see Crow, Raven karasu (Japan))

Natur: Schnee (see Snow (yuki) Japan) , kalter Mond, Eis, Rauhreif, kurze Tage, farblose Seen, Mooreinsamkeit (Winter und Frühling), Firnschnee Snow (yuki) (Winterende)

Feste und Bräuche: Barbarazweige (4.Dezember), Adventszeit (see Advent) > Kerzenlicht, Vorweihnachtsrummel, Weihnachten (see Christmas ), Silvester (see Last Day of the Year (oomisoka, Japan) > Karpfenessen, Neujahr (see New Year ), Valentinstag (14.Februar, see Valentine’s Day ), Karneval (see Carneval ), Fasching, Fastnacht, Aschermittwoch, Walpurgisnacht Walpurgis Night (walpurgisnight) (25.Februar und/oder in der Nacht zum 01.Mai)

Myrrhe, myrrh

Ankunft = Advent = Geburt Jesus

Ankunft -
Durch Omas Geschichten dringt

Heike Gewi, December 2008, Yemen


die Halbmondsichel
wetzt ihre blanke Schneide
am vereisten Turm
(Richard W. Heinrich)

die weißen Reiher,
über den Altschnee segelnd,
warten aufs Mondlicht
(Carl Heinz Kurz)

unterm Apfelbaum
so viele Spuren im Schnee,
und schon die Knospen

(Horst Ludwig, 2001)



. Berlin Wall (Berliner Mauer)

. Dietrich Bonhoeffer  

Gemütlichkeit - coziness (fb)

. Günter Grass

. Martin Heidegger

. Franz Kafka

. Hans Küng, Theologe

. Chen-ou Liu, a Germanophile   

. Karl Marx .

. Bernhard Schlink

. W. G. (Winfried Georg) Maximilian Sebald  

. Sophie Magdalena Scholl
Die Geschwister Scholl, Sophie und Hans 

. Christa Wolf .
(18 March 1929 - 1 December 2011)


Namen des Mondes, names of the moon

Januar: Hartmond, Eismond, Schneemond, Wolfsmond
Februar: Narrenmond, Schmelzmond, Taumond
März: Frühlingsmond
April: Ostermond
Mai: Weidemond, Wonnemond, Marienmond
Juni: Brachmond, Rosenmond
Juli: Heumond
August: Erntemond, Sichelmond
September: Herbstmond
Oktober: Weinmond, Dachsmond
November: Nebelmond, Wintermond, Windmond
Dezember: Julmond, Christmond, Heiligmond, Wolfsmond, Schlachtmond

(see more about kigo and .. .. .. .. MOON and its LINKS..)



Allgemeine Links zum Brauchtum:

Ein Spielfilm über den Wechsel der Jahreszeiten:

Ganz besonders zu empfehlen ist für alle Haiku-Autoren die Seite:
Dort ist wirklich alles zu finden, was man sich zu den deutschen Jahreszeitenwörtern nur wünschen kann.


Feste aller Monate


Copy from ... www.wetter-mensch-natur.de:

"Phänologie, oder einfacher der Naturkalender, ist eines der lohnendsten und interessantesten Kapitel für alle, die sich für und an der Natur begeistern können. Beobachtungen und resultierende Erfahrungen sind fast unerschöpflich.

Kein Jahr gleicht dem anderen, sagt man. Das hat seine Berechtigung. Trotzdem rennen wir bei den ersten warmen Sonnenstrahlen im Frühling hinaus in den Garten, um schon mal die Gartengeräte bereitzustellen. Am 21. März ist zwar Frühlingsanfang, es muss aber noch lange kein Frühling sein, denn 6 Wochen Differenz zwischen den Vegetationszuständen in verschiedenen Jahren sind keine Seltenheit. Es kann fatale Folgen haben, wenn man sich z. B. nur nach den Aussaatzeiten der Samenpackungen richtet, ohne dabei die Natur zu beobachten. Sehr viel verlässlicher als der altbekannte Kalender mit 4 Jahreszeiten in den 12 Monaten ist der »Naturkalender«, denn für Pflanzen ist die Tageslänge und die Temperatur entscheidend und nicht das Datum.

In vielen geographisch wärmeren Gegenden haben die verschiedenen Jahreszeiten ihren Rhythmus, von einem Tag zum anderen wird es dauerhaft warm, Frühjahrsstürme und Regenzeiten sind relativ pünktlich. Bei uns, in Mitteleuropa, ist das nicht so. Länger anhaltende Hochdruckgebiete sind in der Regel eine Ausnahme, und die zuverlässigste Wetterlage finden wir im Herbst, aber auch das nicht jedes , Jahr. Genauer sind hier die Naturbeobachtungen.

Das Jahreszeitempfinden die Schneeglöckchen und Weidenblüte, Löwenzahnblüte, erntende Maschinen, reife Früchte und fallendes Herbstlaub ausgelöst, und ist von Ort zu Ort und Jahr zu Jahr zeitlich völlig unterschiedlich. Jede Jahreszeit hat in der Natur ihren eigenen, unverwechselbaren Charakter und ihr eigenes Gesicht, die sich in den typischen »Kennpflanzen« widerspiegeln, die uns ihrerseits Rückschlüsse auf das Klima in der unmittelbaren Umgebung geben. Ob die Jahreszeiten in der Natur ihre Optima erreicht haben, verrät uns nicht der Kalender, sondern nur die Natur selbst. Diese »Eintrittszeiten« sind von Ort zu Ort verschieden. In 50 km Entfernung erfreut uns schon die Apfelbaumblüte, wobei vor Ort erst die ersten grünen Knospen zu sehen sind. Wer sich nach den Naturkalender richtet und zudem noch das Wetter beobachtet, kann im Garten eigentlich kaum mehr Fehler machen."


Edited by Andrea D`Alessandro
January 2005
Photos by Andrea D`Alessandro


... ... ... Deutsche Kigo in der Wikipedia


A new German Saijiki Project, started in 2005

"Mit dem japanischen Wort fudo (風土 fuudo) wörtlich 'Wind und Erde') ist die natürliche Umwelt eines bestimmten Landes gemeint, nämlich sein Klima, sein Wetter, die geologische und produktive Beschaffenheit seines Bodens, seine topographischen und landschaftlichen Charakteristika." So leitet Watsuji Tetsuro sein 1935 in Japan erschienenes Werk "Fudo - Wind und Erde" ein (Watsuji Tetsuro, Fudo - Wind und Erde, Der Zusammenhang zwischen Klima und Kultur, Darmstadt 1992, S. 6).

Das Saijiki-Projekt startet als erstes Literaturprojekt auf einer neuen Internet Literatur-Plattform. Der hamburger Haiku Verlag hat sich an der Entwicklung dieser Plattform 'www.e-Literat.de' beteiligt. Dort bestehen die allerbesten Voraussetzungen, um ein solches Projekt zu präsentieren. In dem Projektteil sind Haiku-Interessierte eingeladen Vorschläge für Jahreszeitenworte einzureichen.

. Deutsches Saijiki .

Read more about Watsuji Tetsuroo 和辻哲郎



[ . BACK to Worldkigo TOP . ]


Loach (dojoo)

[ . BACK to Worldkigo . TOP . ]

Loach (dojoo)

***** Location: Japan
***** Season: Various, see below
***** Category: Animal / humanity


Loach, weather loach, weatherfish, Dojo loach
Misgurnus anguillicaudatus

CLICK for more photos

The Dojo Loach (Misgurnus anguillicaudatus), is a freshwater fish in the loach family Cobitidae. They are native to Asia but are also popular as an aquarium fish. The alternate name weather loach is shared with several other Cobitinae, including the other members of the genus Misgurnus and the spotted weather loach (Cobitis taenia, commonly known as Spined Loach). This term comes from their ability to detect changes in barometric pressure and react with frantic swimming or standing on end. This is because before a storm the barometric pressure changes, and this is known to make these fish more active.
They can grow up to a 12 inches (30.5 cm) long.
The weather loach is a common food fish in East Asia, raised on a large scale in fish farming.
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !


kigo for all summer

shimadojoo 縞泥鰌 (しまどじょう) spined loach
spottd weather loach
Cobitis biwae

. Dojoo nabe 泥鰌鍋 (どじょうなべ) loach hodgepodge  
..... どぜう鍋(どじょうなべ)
loach soup, dojoo jiru 泥鰌汁(どじょうじる)

A pot of loaches boiled in soy sauce with beaten egg and slivers of burdock and many chopped green onions. It is cooked and served in an earthware pot on a small hibachi grill.
To flavor, you can use shijimi red hot pepper or sansho Japanese mountain pepper.
A serving of MARU contais the whole fish, head to tail, and the bones.
A serving of SAKI contains the fish without bones and heads.

Yanagawa nabe 柳川鍋(やながわなべ)
loach hodgepodge
"a la Yanagawa"
Similar to the Dojo nabe, but without burdock slices. The final touch is an egg poured over the finished dish, slightly scrambled. For color, some green mitsuba is added.
This dish is popular in the Asakusa region of Tokyo, it started in a restaurant called "Yanagawa".

. Loach soup from Kanagawa  


kigo for all winter

. dojoo horu 泥鰌掘る (どじょうほる) digging for loach  

Worldwide use

Things found on the way

. ajime dojoo 味女泥鰌 (あじめどじょう)  
loach caught with bamboo contraptions
in Maze village, Gifu 馬瀬村.


September 2011
Prime-minister Noda, likening himself to loach fish,
says charisma isn't everything
Japan’s next prime minister admits he is no Mr Charisma — Yoshihiko Noda likens himself to a marine bottom-feeder rather than a glittering goldfish. But that, he says, is his appeal.
. Japan - Political Situagion .
After the BIG earthquake of March 11, 2011.

quote from Japan Times

Loach comment boosts folk dance
MATSUE, Shimane Pref. —
New Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda has given a boost to folk dancers and officials promoting the traditional "dojo sukui" (loach-scooping) comic dance in Yasugi, Shimane Prefecture, after recently comparing himself to the stream-dwelling fish.

The preservation group Yasugi-bushi Hozon Kai, set up in 1911, hopes to see a sharp rise in the dance's popularity, said fourth-generation grand master Oito Watanabe, 66.

On the centenary of its founding, the group, which has about 4,000 members in 68 branches from Shimane Prefecture in the west to the Kanto region, wants to build on Noda's remark at special events, including a commemorative performance later this month in Tokyo, Watanabe said.
Yasugi officials said they also hope to capitalize on the prime minister's comment through increased sales of cultured loach, for which the city is renowned, and greater patronage of the local theater dedicated to the dance.

Noda likened himself to the humble fish in a speech prior to Monday's Democratic Party of Japan leadership election, quoting an aphorism,
"A loach does not have to emulate a goldfish,"
by calligrapher and poet Mitsuo Aida (1924-1991).
source : japantimes.co.jp

dojoo sukui どじょうすくい catchng loach
どじょうすくい踊り dance


waga koto to dojoo no nigeshi nezeri kana

The parsley roots --
Where the loach swam away,
Thinking someone's after him.

. Naito Joso 内藤丈草 Naitoo Joosoo  
(1662 - 1704)


The dojo loach is called Chinese weather loach, because it becomes active when the weather changes . . .

he digs and moves stones,
that loach in the pond...
removing winter mulch

Heike Gewi, Yemen

Related words

***** . FISH SAIJIKI  


. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

Once upon a time
a man from Niigata went fishing and caught a 大泥鰌 huge Loach. He was a pious man and in his surprize soon built a grave (as was the custom then).
The same evening a beautiful lady (the loach) appeared and thanked him, because she could go straight to heaven after her death.
And the pious man lived on for a long long time after.


- #dojoloach #loach -

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