4/16/2005

Dog Days (doyoo)

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Dog Days (doyoo)

***** Location: Japan, worldwide
***** Season: Late Summer
***** Category: Season


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Explanation



In former times, the DOYOO 土用 days (also spelled doyo) four times a year would be the 18 days before each changing to the next season, but nowadays they are only mentioned for the change from summer to autumn. The timing is from 13 days after the “small heat” (shoosho) until the beginning of autumn.

doyoo iri 土用入(どよういり)doyoo starts
doyoo mae 土用前(どようまえ)before doyoo
doyoo naka 土用中(どようなか)middle of doyoo
doyoo ake 土用明(どようあけ) doyoo ends


The days of DOYOO are then numbered in the Japanese counting of
“doyoo-taroo 土用太郎(どようたろう)”,
“doyoo-jiroo 土用次郎(どようじろう)”,
“doyoo-saburo 土用三郎(どようさぶろう”
and so on counting like the number of sons in a family, first one, second one, third one. Thus the farmers respect and know about the changes in the ground and the changes of the seasons, see doyoo-boshi further down.

The first day of doyoo in midsummer (and midwinter) is called ushi no hi, the day of the ox, as in the 12 signs of the Japanese zodiac. It is customary to eat broiled eel (kabayaki, see the photo above) on the day of the ox in summer (doyoo no ushi no hi, sometime in late July). This is because eel (unagi) is nutritious and rich in vitamin A, and provides strength and vitality to fight against the extremely hot and humid summer of Japan. The man who invented this well-loved custom is the famous scientist of the late Edo period, Hiraga Gennai 平賀源内.

Gennai was born in the Takamatsu domain as the son of a low-ranking samurai, moved to Nagasaki to study herbal medicine and in 1757 went to Edo to continue his studies and to write humorous books. He experimented with many natural substances, trying to make cloth of asbestos, thermometers and Dutch-style pottery. Soon he made his own style, Gennai-yaki. His activities included surveys for ore deposits, wool manufacturing and Western oil painting with other Akita painters. He also experimented with electricity and tried his hand at many inventions.

You can read more about him on this page, he is a maveric character worth knowing, not only because his close connection to the dog days (should we say OX days) of summer.

.. ..

Gabi Greve


. Suiteki, Water Dripper 水滴  


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Food kigo

doyo eel, doyoo unagi 土用鰻 (どよううなぎ)
doyoo no ushi no hi no unagi
土用丑の日の鰻(どようのうしのひのうなぎ)
day of the eal, unagi no hi 鰻の日(うなぎのひ)

doyo corbicula shells, doyoo shijimi
土用蜆 (どようしじみ)
eaten in miso soup


Eel dishes (unagi) Japan. Some are kigo


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Worldwide use

Germany
Hundstage 23. July till 24. August
"Hundstage" ist die Bezeichnung für eine Schönwetterperiode, die nach dem Hundsstern Sirius, der Anfang August mit der Sonne auf- und untergeht, benannt wurde. Sie hat sich im Lauf der Jahrhunderte etwas verschoben, denn heute liegen sie meist schon in der Julimitte.

Bauernregeln Farmers Sayings
Heisse Hundstage prophezeien einen kalten Winter.
Was die Hundstage giessen, muss die Traube büssen.
Hundstage heiss, Winter lange weiss.
Hundstage hell und klar, zeigen ein gute Jahr.
Wie das Wetter, wenn der Hundsstern aufgeht, so wird`s bleiben, bis er untergeht.
http://www.garten-literatur.de/Kalender/hundstag.htm

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USA
Everyone knows that the Dog days of summer occur during the hottest and muggiest part of the season. Webster defines Dog days as...
1 : the period between early July and early September when the hot sultry weather of summer usually occurs in the northern hemisphere, beginning with the heliacal rising of Sirius (the dog star).
2 : a period of stagnation or inactivity
Read more here:
http://wilstar.com/dogdays.htm

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Things found on the way



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HAIKU


Dog days -
we name our new puppy
Sirius


.. .. .. .. Dog days -
.. .. .. .. the rippling air
.. .. .. .. above the asphalt


Dog days -
a man and his pooch
on the surfboard

Zhanna P. Rader

Read more of Zhanna's Dog Day Haiku here:
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/happyhaiku/message/1130


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dog days lonely night...
only one tongue for soothing
the old broken tooth


art
http://shiki1.cc.ehime-u.ac.jp/~shiki/kukai/kukai108-2.html

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.. .. .. .. .. Two one-line Haiku:


dog days beans drying on a car hood
Collection of Eric Amman
http://www.hardtofind.org/hardtofind/marlenemountain/1lhaiku/1lhai_mags1.html


dog days envelopes stuck shut
from Marlene Mountain
http://www.hardtofind.org/hardtofind/marlenemountain/backward/ftm_223_late70to90.html

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dog-day afternoon --
the cat stretched out
on its back

© Juanito
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/WHCjapan/message/1572

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Related words


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***** mushi-boshi虫干しdrying the bugs -
mushi-barai (getting rid of the bugs),
doyoo-boshi, doyooboshi 土用干し drying during the dog-days


The days of doyoo are usually dry and sunny and are used to air out the clothing, books, pictures and other things stored away during the rainy season. Hanging in the wind they will be cleared of mildew and unwanted bugs. Bokusho is a special name given to the books aired to prevent mildew.

In olden times, it was one of the annual events of shrines and temples to air their treasures, in winter we have the hoomotsu kaze-ire (airing the treasures), now usually on November 3, the Culture Day of Japan. The most famous “airing of books” happens at the treasurehouse Shoosoo-in of the Toodai-ji temple in Nara.
Gabi Greve


ryuuguu mo kyoo no shioji ya doyoo boshi

there is a tide way
to the Dragon palace today -
airing all things



. Matsuo Basho - Dragon Haiku .


naki hito no kosode mo ima ya doyoo boshi

even the robe
of the deceased included -
dog-day airing



. Matsuo Basho 松尾芭蕉 - Archives of the WKD .


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mushi-boshi no yamaga no ushi ni nakarekeri

airing out
the mountain hut
the oxen keep mooing

... Aro Usuda
http://www008.upp.so-net.ne.jp/kihakuso/html/04sai/natsu04.html

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Darumasama
korogarikomu ne
doyoo-boshi
.. .. .. chibi

Master Daruma
tumbles over so ~
summer airing
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Darumasan-Japan/message/27


dog days --
the search for hidden
hickory nuts
Chibi

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***** doyoo-boshi, draining the riece paddies
土用干し


CLICK for more photos From July to August, farmers drain the wet rice paddies of water, so that the ground can be seen, as in the picture. This will harden the ground for the harvesting machinery to roll into the fields. If you do not do this, the machines will get stuck in the wet earth. Since this happens during the formal doyoo-days, the name was choosen.
http://www.telenet.tv/users/ibaya/farmer/doyoboshi.html


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kigo for mid-autumn

otoshimizu, otoshi mizu 落し水 (おとしみず) draining water
mizu otosu 水落す(みずおとす)"water falls" (is drained)
tamizu otosu 田水落す(たみずおとす)
seki hazusu 堰外す( せきはずす)take the barrier off


source : www.to-ki.jp/center

For the draining of the paddies, the water is let out of the fields in a way that it falls down for a few centimeters to one meter (three shaku) through a gutter to the field below. This rushing water makes a special sound.


二三尺秋の響や落し水
nisan shaku aki no hibiki ya otoshimizu

water falls down
for two three shaku -
sounds of autumn


Matsumura Gekkei 松村月渓
(1752 - 1811)
He studied haiku and painting with Yosa Buson.


one shaku is about 30 cm.


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***** Mizuawase no harai
水合の祓 (みずあわせのはらい)

purification of the court well

mizuawase 水合(みずあわせ)well water purification

On the first day of doyoo, the master of yin-yang ceremonies, (onyooji 陰陽師 onmyooji) Daikoku Minbu 大黒民部 would go through the important buildings of the Heian court and hold purification rituals for the wells.
This is an old custom from China


Onmyōdō (also In'yōdō) is a traditional Japanese esoteric cosmology, a mixture of natural science and occultism. It is based on the Chinese philosophies of Wu Xing and Yin and yang, introduced into Japan at the turn of the 6th century, and accepted as a practical system of divination. These practices were influenced further by Taoism, Buddhism and Shintoism, and evolved into present-day onmyōdō approximately in the late 7th century.
Bureau of Onmyoo (陰陽寮, Onmyoo-ryoo)
Onmyōji (陰陽師, also In'yōji) was one of the classifications of civil servants belonging to the Bureau of Onmyō in ancient Japan's ritsuryo system. People with this title were professional practitioners of onmyōdō.
Onmyōji were specialists in magic and divination.
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !


.SAIJIKI ... OBSERVANCES, FESTIVALS, RITUALS
Kigo for Summer
 


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WASHOKU ... Japanese Food SAIJIKI



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3 comments:

Gabi Greve said...

draining the rice fields, otoshi mizu 落し水, mizu otosu 水落す、田水落す、堰外す
KIGO FOR AUTUMN

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draining the rice field--
a loach also
climbs the rapids


otoshi mizu dojoo mo taki o noboru nari

.落し水鰌も滝を上る也

by Issa, 1818

In autumn when the rice is ready for harvest, farmers break the dikes that have kept the fields flooded.

A loach, a type of freshwater fish, struggles uphill against the current. Shinji Ogawa explains that Issa may be alluding to a legend of Chinese origin: carp that climb waterfalls turn into dragons. He adds, "Draining the rice field usually creates a foot-high waterfall.

The fate of the loaches that remain in the dried-up rice field is very interesting. They go deep into the soil like earthworms. We dig the dried-up rice field or the drainage ditch to catch the loaches.

The loaches in Japan were wiped out by DDT and other chemicals. After many silent springs, loaches are now returning to Japan, thanks to the growing awareness of enrivonmental issues."

Tr. David Lanoue
http://cat.xula.edu/issa/

Anonymous said...

虫干や下駄の並びの仏達
mushiboshi ya geta no narabi no hotoke-tachi

airing out clothes--
the lined-up wooden clogs
of the Buddhas

Kobayashi Issa

Mushiboshi
refers to a summer custom: putting clothing and bedding outside in the sun. I believe that this is a temple scene. The "Buddhas" are the monks.

Tr. David Lanoue.

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Gabi Greve - Buson said...

Yosa Buson - otoshimizu

村々の寝ごころ更けぬ落し水
muramura no negokoro fukenu otoshimizu

Night deepens,
And sleep in the villages;
Sounds of falling water.

Tr. Blyth

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