Enoki nettle tree

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Chinese hackberry tree (enoki)

***** Location: Japan
***** Season: Various, see below
***** Category: Plant


enoki 榎 nettletree, Chinese hackberry tree
Chinese nettle-tree or Japanese hackberry

Celtis sinensis var. japonica.

Celtis, commonly known as hackberries,
is a genus of about 60-70 species of deciduous trees widespread in warm temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere, in southern Europe, southern and eastern Asia, and southern and central North America, south to central Africa, and northern and central South America. The genus is present in the fossil record at least since the Miocene of Europe.

Previously included either in the elm family (Ulmaceae) or a separate family, Celtidaceae, the APG III system places Celtis in an expanded hemp family (Cannabaceae).

The generic name originated in Latin and was applied by Pliny the Elder (23-79) to the unrelated Ziziphus lotus.
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !

Celtis sinensis (English: Chinese Hackberry)
is a species of flowering plant in the hemp family, Cannabaceae, that is native to slopes in East Asia.
It is a tree that grows to 20 m tall, with deciduous leaves and gray bark . The fruit is a globose drupe, 5–7(–8) mm in diameter.
Flowering occurs in March–April, and fruiting in September–October.
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !

Celtis jessoensis
known as the Japanese Hackberry or
Jesso Hackberry (from a misreading of "Ezo": Hokkaidō)
is a species of hackberry native to Japan and Korea.
It is a deciduous tree growing to 20–25 m tall. The leaves are 5–9 cm long and 3–4 cm broad, with a sharply serrated margin, glaucous beneath and downy on the leaf veins.
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !


kigo for early summer

enoki no hana 榎の花 (えのきのはな)
flowers of the Chinese hackberry


kigo for late autumn

enoki no mi 榎の実 (えのきのみ) Chinese hackberry (fruit)
..... e no mi 榎の実(えのみ)
Celtis sinensis var. japonica. chinesischer Zürgelbaum

. Nuts and fruit in Autumn .


kigo for all winter

enoki karu 榎枯る(えのきかる)
Chinese hackberry withering

nettle tree withering

Worldwide use

Things found on the way

Enkiri enoki 縁切榎
Chinese hackberry tree to cut bad bonds

at the Nakasendo road, Itabashi 板橋宿

. Enkiri - to cut bad bonds .


Kobayashi Issa
Tr. David Lanoue

ariake ni odorishi toki no enoki kana

dawn is your time
for dancing...
nettle tree

ake yasuki tori no kite naku enoki kana

in summer's early dawn
a bird comes chirping...
nettle tree

yuki-doke ya ootehirogeshi tachi enoki

snow has melted--
plenty of elbow room
for the nettle tree

Related words

***** . Tree (ki, jumoku) forest .

***** . Enoki take (榎茸) enoki mushrooms, enokidake, .
Flammulina velutipes



Gabi Greve - Darumapedia said...

pokkuri enoki Kannon ポックリ榎観音
Kannon to grant a sudden death

Gabi Greve said...

Ōama no ōji 大海人皇子 Prince Oama - 天武天皇 Tenmu Tenno
(c. 631-686)

enoki 榎木 nettletree, Chinese hackberry tree legend
In the historical record of the Heike, 源平盛衰記 Heike Seisui-Ki, there is a story about Minamoto no Yoritomo (1147 - 1198). After loosing the battle of 石橋山 Ishibashiyama he hid in the hollow of a nettletree to avoid further harm.
When Tenmu Tenno was hiding from 大伴皇子 Prince Otomo, he also hid in the hollow of a nettletree.

Gabi Greve said...

four legends with enoki
nichibun Yokai database

Gabi Greve - Darumapedia said...

Legend from Saitama

. yao bikuni 八百比丘尼(やおびくに)nun for 800 years - Legends .
happyaku bikuni 八百比丘尼 / ハッピャクビクニ
武蔵国足立郡水波田村 In the Adachi district, at the temple 慈眼寺 Jigen-Ji, there was a huge enoki 榎 nettle tree cut down, the open cut covering a huge size of the ground.
This tree had been planted by a Happyaku Bikuni nun from 若狭 Wakasa. When the villagers dug deeper, they found the statue of Jizo Bosatsu in a stone box, with an inscription dating to 大化元年 the year 645. This Bikuni must have lived for more than 1000 years.

Gabi Greve - Darumapedia said...

Legend from Itabashi, Tokyo
enoki 榎 nettle tree in 上板橋 Kami-Itabashi
Where the 川越街道 Kawagoe Kaido Highway crosses the river 石神井川 Shakujigawa there is the 下頭橋 Getobashi bridge.
Once upon a time, many hundred years ago, a wandering priest, who was very tired, took a rest below this bridge. He had put his staff into the ground and from there the nettle tree begun to sprout. To our day people venerate the roots of the tree and say it will heal toothache, if they come here to pray.

Gabi Greve - Darumapedia said...

Legend from Saitama 板橋区 Itabashi district 下板橋 Shimo-Itabashi

enkiri enoki 縁切榎 nettle tree to cut a bond (like marriage)

Where the 川越街道 Kawagoe Kaido Highway branches off, there is a 庚申碑 memorial stone for the Koshin deity and beside it was a huge nettle tree. When there was a fire in the house next to it, the tree burned down and only its roots remained. If people use a small cut from the roots and make a tea from it, they will be able to cut the bad bonds between man and woman.

Gabi Greve - Darumapedia said...

Legend from Tokyo Sendagaya
Once おまんの方 Oman no Kata had a strong toothache.
A priest at temple 千寿院 / 仙寿院 Senju-In in Shibuya, Tokyo made a 楊枝 toothpick from enoki 榎 a nettle tree. She touched her aching tooth with this little stick and in no time her pain was gone.
This is one of the 千駄ヶ谷 seven wonders of Sendagaya, Tokyo.

Gabi Greve - Darumapedia said...

Enokimachi, Enoki machi, Enokicho 榎町 Enoki district "nettle tree"
東京都新宿区 Shinjuku, 榎町 (no sub-districts)


In the Edo period, there grew a huge nettle tree, large enough to have a man shelter is a cave of its trunk.
Around 1685, there lived a strange man in this tree cave. He wore beggar's robes and had a cooking pot dangle from his waist. He left the cave every morning, walked around to collect the droppings of horses and cows and sold them (as was a common job in Edo at that time). When he got some money, he bought rice, collected fallen branches from the trees, made a fire and cooked a meal.
He never talked to grown-ups, but always laughed and taught poems to the local children. They all called him
baguso sennin 馬ぐそ仙人 The Hermit of Horse Droppings.

The big Enoki burned down during a fire around 1730.
All that is left of him is now the name of this little district.


Gabi Greve said...

Legend from Miyagi
yamabushi 山伏 mountain priest
Once upon a time
on the Northern side of the river 名取川 Natorigawa, threr was a large enoki 大榎 nettle tree in the middle of the fields along the Sasaya Highway. It was a hinderance for the farmers and they decided to cut it down. But the next morning the site of the cut was healed and the tree back.
One day a huge Yamabushi came along, pulled the nettle tree out and carried it away.
Since then the field is called
一木田 "field with one tree" or 人来田 Hitokita.

Gabi Greve said...

乳房榎 ちぶさえのき chichibusa enoki
TRANSLATION: breast hackberry

APPEARANCE: Chibusa enoki was a hackberry (Celtis sinensis) tree which grew in Itabashi, Tōkyō during the mid 18th century. The tree got its name from the peculiar bulbs on it which were not only shaped like breasts, but also produced nourishing milk. The legend of the tree was turned into a famous rakugyo performance in the Meiji Period. Similar tales of miraculous trees with breastmilk-producing bulbs can be found even today.
Long ago a samurai-turned-painter named Hishikawa Shigenobu lived in Edo with his wife Okise and their baby boy Mayotarō. His apprentice was a skillful young man named Isogai Namie. Unbeknownst to Shigenobu, Namie lusted after Okise.

Gabi Greve said...

Legend from Niigata

新発田市 Shibata city

Suijin sama 水神様 the Water Deity
On the 15th day of the 11th lunar month, people express their gratitude for water.
They make offerings and place them near their ido 井戸 well and along the slope on the beach on branches of the
enoki 榎 nettle tree. To prevent them from meeting any monsters, the villagers do not look back at the tree on their way home.

Gabi Greve said...

Legend from Kyoto

sekitoo 石塔 / セキトウ / shakutoo しゃく とう stone pagoda / 五輪の塔婆
South of 下鳥羽 Shimo-Toba, in the East of 横大路村街道 the Yoko-Oji there is the Shrine 飛鳥田神社 Asukata Jinja.
During the annual grand festival, the otabisho 御旅所 resting place for the Mikoshi, is arranged under the large enoki 榎 nettle tree.
There is a stone pagoda of about 1.50 meter.
In former times this was the grave marker of the village elder, but it would produce strange and weird things.
Once a brave Samurai cut it in half with his large sword. Oh wonder, blood begun to flow out of the wound.
And then the village was quiet again.

Gabi Greve said...

Legend from Ibaraki土浦市 Tsuchiura city

In 鷹匠町 Takajo town at the temple 龍泉寺 Ryusen-Ji there is a special nettle tree
enoki hachiman 榎八幡 Nettle tree at the Hachiman shrine.
If people touch its leaves, the tree would take revenge.
Once upon a time, the Samurai 信太範宗 Shida Norimune had killed the child of his younger brother and it was buried at the temple Ryusen-Ji.
Since the grave was cursed, people built a Hachiman Shrine nearby and planted a nettle tree to appease the soul.

Gabi Greve said...

Legend from Miyagi

In the North-West of 定義阿弥陀堂 the Amida Hall in Teigi there is a 天皇塚 Tenno Mound where relics from 安徳天皇 Antoku Tenno are burried.
On the mound is enoki 榎 a nettle tree.
If a woman wants to become pregnant, she hugs the tree, picks up a pebble from below the tree and puts it in her sleeve pocked.
The tree is now lost, but its roots are still there.

Gabi Greve said...

Enoki Shrine 榎神社 , Osaka
and Gyoki Bosatsu

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