5/22/2006

Quince (boke, karin)

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Quince (boke - mokkoo, mokkou)

***** Location: Japan
***** Season: Various, see below
***** Category: Plant


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Explanation

kigo for late spring

boke no hana 木瓜の花 (ぼけのはな) quince blossoms
..... hanaboke 花木瓜(はなぼけ)
hiboke 緋木瓜(ひぼけ)
shiroboke 白木瓜(しろぼけ)
sasaraboke 更紗木瓜(さらさぼけ)
shokuboke 蜀木瓜(しょくぼけ)
Kanton boke 広東木瓜(カントンぼけ)quince from Kanton
kootenboke 後天木瓜(こうてんぼけ)
karaboke 唐木瓜(からぼけ)"quince from Tang China"

shidomi no hana 樝子の花 (しどみのはな)
kusaboke 草木瓜(くさぼけ)

Chaenomeles japonica. Japanese quince
japanische Quitte, Scheinquitte


karin no hana 榠樝の花 かりんのはな Japanese quince blossoms
karaboke no hana からぼけの花(からぼけのはな)
seiyoo karin 西洋榠樝(せいようかりん)、medoraa メドラー
Pseudocydonia sinensis. chinesische Quitte


for various types of quince fruit kigo, see below


quince01

The flower of the quince comes out before the leaves appear, covering the branches with thick red (hiboke ヒボケ緋木瓜), white (shiroboke シロボケ白木瓜) or a mix of white and red (sarasaboke サラサボケ、更紗木瓜) flowers.


Some flowers bloom long in spring, others in winter:

kanboke 寒木瓜 かんぼけ) quince in the cold fuyuboke, fuyu boke 冬木瓜(ふゆぼけ)quince in winter
kigo for late winter

In my garden, they flower during snowy periods of early sping too.
The plant came to Japan during the Heian period. The fruit smelles nice and was use to perfume a room in autumn and winter.
The flower is enjoyed as a symbol of enduring hardships in life and coping with difficult circumstances.
Gabi Greve

Japanese Quince in Snow
quincesnow
http://www.kconline.com/tg/uraniwa/Chaenomeles.html

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Japanese Links with nice pictures.

Winter Quince
http://www.hana300.com/aaooboke001.html

Red Quince in Spring
http://www.hana300.com/aaooboke00.html
http://www.hana300.com/boke001.html
http://www.hana300.com/boke00.html

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The Flowering Quince (Chaenomeles)

is a quite a spectacular plant in any form - and when used as bonsai material, is even more spectacular. In late winter, when most deciduous plants are still bare and lifeless, Quince are valued for their display of red, pink or white flowers on a tangle of bare branches.
Originating in China, Japan and Korea, they are fully frost hardy and adapt to a wide range of garden conditions. The tough, springy branches are often thorny on vigorous shoots; the leaves are simple and finely toothed. The flowers appear in stalkless clusters on the previous year's wood, followed in summer usually by yellow-green fruits with waxy, strongly perfumed skins - although this does depend on species.
http://www.bonsaisite.com/quince.html

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In cultivation for over 4000 years, this tree has an interesting history. It apparently was native to Turkey and northern Persia - modern day Iran. This was especially popular in Greece and Italy. It became naturalized in the Mediterranean region.

Revered by the ancients, this was reportedly the golden apple that Paris bestowed upon Aphrodite. This was known to the Greeks as Cydonian apples, named after a city in Crete. Under the Romans, the fruits were introduced throughout the empire. This was one of Charlemagne's favorite plants, and he recommended that others grow it. The Normans introduced quince to the British Isles.

Among the earliest tree fruits to be planted in the New World, it was common in backyard orchards during the Colonial era. Thomas Jefferson grew them at Monticello.

Here's a poem by Li Ch'ing Chao, a Chinese poet from the 11th century:

Last night in the light rain as rough winds blew,
My drunken sleep left me no merrier.
I question one that raised the curtain, who
Replies: 'The wild quince trees - are as they were.
But no, but no!
Their rose is waning and their green leaves grow.

http://www.suite101.com/article.cfm/fruit_garden/110055

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Worldwide use

North America

Quince, shrub or small tree of the Asian genera Chaenomeles and Cydonia of the family Rosaceae (rose family).
The common quince (Cydonia oblonga) is a spineless tree with edible fruits cultivated from ancient times in Asia and in the Mediterranean area, where it was early naturalized. Its pome fruit is similar to that of the related apple and pear but is very astringent, and hence it is used chiefly cooked in preserves; marmalade is said to have first been made from quince. As a commercial fruit tree, the quince is cultivated more widely in the temperate zone of Europe than in the United States, where it is grown chiefly in California and New York.

It is often used as a rootstock for dwarf fruit trees, especially the pear. The flowering quinces (genus Chaenomeles) are cultivated as ornamental shrubs for their profuse, usually thorny branches and attractive scarlet, pink, or white flowers. The fruit is too small and hard to be of commercial value but is sometimes used locally. Best known of this genus is C. lagenaria, the Japanese quince, or japonica. Some other Asian shrubs (e.g., a camellia) are also called japonica. Quince is classified in the division Magnoliophyta, class Magnoliopsida, order Rosales, family Rosaceae.
http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/sci/A0840821.html


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Yemen

quince flower (blossom)
kigo for spring
after the "little wet season"

through the window
a lizard flees,
chased by quince blossoms

the wind
has knocked down a lot -
shards and quince flowers


Der Wind
hat mir viel umgestoßen -
Scherben und Quitteblüten


. . . . .


quince fruit
kigo for summer

drizzle
on rocky plains -
quince apples


moonlit quince
grandma turns
ninety


Heike Gewi, Yemen

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Holy Quran, Ahadith and Islamic literature
Holy Quran, Ahadith and Islamic literature. The plant species are:
Citrullus lanatus, Cucumis sativus.,
Cydonia oblonga
Ficus carica, Olea europea, Phoenix
dactylifera, Punica granatum, Salvadora persica,
Vitis vinifera and Zizyphus mauritiana

Cydonia oblonga Mill.
English Name: Quince
Local Name: Bahi
Arabic Name: Safarjal
Family: Rosaceae
Habit & Habitat: Small tree (shrub) found in dry rocky places, foothills and cultivated on the plains.
Medicinal uses: Heart diseases, diarrhea, said, endocarditis, pericarditis, dysentery

References from Ahadith (the sayings)
- Hazrat Talha bin Ubaid Ullah (R.A) narrated that Rasullullah (Sallallaho Alayhi Wasallam) said:
This Olea europea L. (Quince) makes the heart strengthen, makes the breath pleasant and relieves (removes) the burden of the chest [8].
- Hazrat Jabir bin Abdullah (R.A) narrated that Rasullullah (Sallallaho Alayhi Wasallam) said, “Eat the Quince (Safarjal) because it cures the heart attack and relieves(removes) the burden of the chest” [8].

- Hazrat Anus bin Malik (R.A) narrated that Rasullullah (Sallallaho Alayhi Wasallam) said: the
burden of the heart is removed by eating of the Quince [8].

- The Holy Prophet (Sallallaho Alayhi Wasallam) said,
"Eat quince, for it sweetens the heart. For Allah has sent no prophet as His messenger without feeding him on the quince of Paradise [8].
- Rasullullah (Sallallaho Alayhi Wasallam) said, “Feed your pregnant women on quince, for it cures the diseases of the heart and makes the babies handsome."[8].
source : idosi.org

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mokkoogata, mokko no katachi 木瓜形 mokko-shaped, four heart-shaped lobes (pottery, Tsuba . . .)
mokko mon 木瓜紋 Mokko crest

CLICK for more photos !


- quote -
mokkou 木瓜 -
Also mokkougata 木瓜形, mokkoo kamon か文.

A decorative pattern shaped like a flower with an oval center and four petals.
It originated in Tang dynasty as a motif on courtiers' clothes and was very popular in the Heian period in Japan for decorating clothing, furniture, and household utensils.
A simplified mokkou pattern is used on carved ballustrades *mokkougata ranma 木瓜形欄間.

mokkoubishi 木瓜菱 mokkou diamonds
A design pattern of interlocking diamond shapes incorporating the indented oval motif known as mokkou 木瓜.

mokkou nijuubishi 木瓜二重菱 mokkou double diamonds
(mokko nijubishi)

mokkouuzu 木瓜渦 mokko uzu - swirling mokko
A decorative pattern incorporating a swirling indented oval mokkou 木瓜
- source : JAANUS -


mokkoo mado 木瓜窓 Mokko-shaped window
"quince window"



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mokko pattern





mokkoo tsuba 木瓜鍔 Mokko sword guard



. TSUBA, the sword guard - Introduction .


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Things found on the way


Quince Jelly Pages
http://cres.anu.edu.au/~mccomas/quince.html

More recipies for Autumn
quincefruit02
http://www.foodlovers.co.nz/features/quince.php


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HAIKU


abandoned web
captures one more-
flowering quince

Kate Steere

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quince in full bloom -
I just love the smell
of that Siamese tomcat

木瓜満開..シャム君の匂い..タマラネエ

boke mankai
Shamu-kun no nioi
tamaraneeee

O-Tsu musing about her lover boy ...

Gabi Greve
Cats in Paradise

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a quince blossom
on the inside of the roof
open your window

Geert Verbeke, the Haiku Gallery
http://home.alc.co.jp/db/owa/PH_detail?photo_sn_in=1416

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Haiku abou the Quince in the Shiki Archives
http://haiku.cc.ehime-u.ac.jp/~shiki/shiki.archive/html/9801/0483.html

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Related words



***** kigo for late autumn

Quince Fruit 木瓜の実 (ぼけのみ) boke no mi
shidomi no mi 摣子の実 (しどみのみ)
kusaboke no mi 草木瓜の実(くさぼけのみ)
jinashi 地梨(じなし)、noboke のぼけ

. . . . . and
marumero 榲桲 (まるめろ) Marumero quince
marumeia まるめいら、onime おにめ、kooen 香円(こうえん)
Cydonia oblonga

. . . . . and
karin no mi 榠樝の実 (かりんのみ) fruit of Chinese quince
Chaenomeles sinensis Koehne. Pseudocydonia sinensis
..... karin no mi 花梨の実(かりんのみ)
karanashi 唐梨(からなし)(lit. Chinese nashi)
kiboke きぼけ、kaidoo boke 海棠木瓜(かいどうぼけ)
anranju あんらん樹(あんらんじゅ)
Chinesische Quitte



smell of autumn -
last night my mother brought
some quince


Alex Serban, Romania


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Quince Jelly

Gutui in Romania. Quittengelee

sun’s ambassadors
for cold days yet to come
the yellow quinces

nostalgic pastime:
learning to make quince pell-mell
under Grannie’s eyes

watched by the quince
in the window, while trying
to write a haibun


Cristian Mocanu

Read the full explanation here:
Romanian Saijiki


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1 comment:

. Gabi Greve said...

. pear petals, by susan delphine delaney .

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