1/19/2005

Armistice Day

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Armistice Day
Poppy Day, Rememberance Day, Veterans Day


***** Location: Europe
***** Season: Winter (November 11)
***** Category: Observance


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Explanation

quote
The term "armistice" means a cessation of hostilities as a prelude to peace negotiations. In the context of the First World War 'the armistice' is generally referred to in context of the agreement between the Germans and the Allies to end the war on November 11, 1918.

Germany may have agreed an armistice on November 11, but Bulgaria called it quits on 30 September of the same year, 1918. Turkey and Austria-Hungary - the latter having essentially sparked the war in the first place - concluded an armistice within days of each other, on 30 October and 3 November 1918; both were exhausted and could no longer continue to prosecute the war.

Click for original LINK!

However the most significant armistice was signed at 5 a.m. on the morning of 11 November 1918, and came into effect six hours later at 11 a.m. (hence the oft-quoted 'eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month').

With German military morale in evident decline on the Western Front and revolution brewing at home - Kaiser Wilhelm II was himself obliged to abdicate on 9 November 1918 - the German government determined to negotiate an armistice with the Allies on 6 November, having issued preliminary diplomatic feelers two days earlier.

Consequently on 7 November the German Army Chief of Staff Paul von Hindenburg exchanged a series of telegrams with the Supreme Allied Commander, Ferdinand Foch, to agree a date, time and place for formal negotiations.
http://www.firstworldwar.com/features/armistice.htm


Reference : Armistice Day


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November 11, is the anniversary of the Armistice which was signed in the Forest of Compiegne by the Allies and the Germans in 1918, ending World War I, after four years of conflict.
At 5 A.M. on Monday, November 11, 1918 the Germans signed the Armistice, an order was issued for all firing to cease; so the hostilities of the First World War ended. This day began with the laying down of arms, blowing of whistles, impromptu parades, closing of places of business. All over the globe there were many demonstrations; no doubt the world has never before witnessed such rejoicing.

In November of 1919, President Woodrow Wilson issued his Armistice Day proclamation. The last paragraph set the tone for future observances:
To us in America, the reflections of Armistice Day will be filled with solemn pride in the heroism of those who died in the country's service and with gratitude for the victory, both because of the thing from which it has freed us and because of the opportunity it has given America to show her sympathy with peace and justice in the councils of the nation.

In 1927 Congress issued a resolution requesting President Calvin Coolidge to issue a proclamation calling upon officials to display the Flag of the United States on all government buildings on November 11, and inviting the people to observe the day in schools and churches...But it was not until 1938 that Congress passed a bill that each November 11 "shall be dedicated to the cause of world peace and ...hereafter celebrated and known as Armistice Day."
http://www.patriotism.org/veterans_day/


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Worldwide use

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Things found on the way


One of the greatest anti-war songs, "Willie McBride"
also called "The Green Fields of France"
(written by Eric Bogle)

© More in the WIKIPEDIA !

Lyrics and song by the Fureys here
source : www.youtube.com


In Flanders fields the poppies blow
Between the crosses, row on row,
That mark our place; and in the sky
The larks, still bravely singing, fly
Scarce heard amid the guns below.

We are the Dead. Short days ago
We lived, felt dawn, saw sunset glow,
Loved, and were loved, and now we lie
In Flanders fields.

Take up our quarrel with the foe:
To you from failing hands we throw
The torch; be yours to hold it high.
If ye break faith with us who die
We shall not sleep, though poppies grow
In Flanders fields.


by Lt. Col. John McCrae, MD, (Canadian Army) 1872-1918
http://www.greatwar.nl/



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HAIKU


poppies in the field –
the old soldier picks one
for his buttonhole

Adelaide Shaw, USA

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Veteran's Day -
pondering the poppy's
black center, too.


Carole MacRury, Canada


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Sorrowful women,
Raindrops are kissing the earth
Where the poppies grow.

Doodles, free poetry


armistice day -
dodging bullets
in a hail storm


bridgetjanejone


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Remembrance Day–
the thin sound of a bugle
wavers in the rain


John Crook
http://www.theheronsnest.com/haiku/0302V7935/thn_rc_2.html



Armistice Day
an old soldier dozing
on the stage


J. C. Herring
http://www.theheronsnest.com/haiku/0211Z9753/thn_issue.h5.html



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Remembrance Day speech..
young girls stretch a banner
that reads Peace Is the Way


Chen-ou Liu
Canada, 2012


"There is no Way to Peace , Peace is the Way"
is a quote from A J MusteLyrics by Sr Jewel (using quotes from Thich Nhat Hanh)

source : www.plumvillage.org/songs


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Rememberance Day
the busker stops playing
for a minute


- Shared by Bee Jay -
Joys of Japan, November 2012


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The First World War officially ended on the eleventh hour on the eleventh day on the eleventh month, 1918 - Armistice Day. The act of a Two Minute Silence began on the anniversary of Armistice Day in 1919 by those who did not want to forget the millions killed, injured and affected.

Now generally called Remembrance Day, millions of people stop what they are doing and observe a Two Minute Silence at 11am on 11 November each year in the memory of those who have been affected in all conflicts.

The Royal British Legion is the nation's custodian of Remembrance, ensuring that people remember those who have given their lives for the freedom we enjoy today.

Remembrance Day . . .
the sound of trumpets
breaks the silence


- Shared by Deepi Sair -
Haiku Culture Magazine, 2013


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Related words

***** War and Peace (sensoo to heiwa)  


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Poppy flowers (keshi no hana) Japan.


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2 comments:

Anonymous said...

Veteran's Day rain --
an old man holds an umbrella
above the monument


Paul David Mena

http://www.bostonhaikusociety.org/bhs_haiku.html

. Remembrance Day tradition said...

AUSTRALIA

Remembrance Day tradition

Remembrance Day - 11 November - is set aside as a day to remember the sacrifice of those who have died for Australia in wars and conflicts. It was originally known as Armistice Day.

Why is this day special to Australians?
At 11 am on 11 November 1918 the guns of the Western Front fell silent after more than four years continuous warfare. The allied armies had driven the German invaders back, having inflicted heavy defeats upon them over the preceding four months. In November the Germans called for an armistice (suspension of fighting) in order to secure a peace settlement. They accepted the allied terms of unconditional surrender.

The 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month attained a special significance in the post-war years. The moment when hostilities ceased on the Western Front became universally associated with the remembrance of those who had died in the war. This first modern world conflict had brought about the mobilisation of over 70 million people and left between 9 and 13 million dead, perhaps as many as one-third of them with no known grave. The allied nations chose this day and time for the commemoration of their war dead.

On the first anniversary of the armistice in 1919 two minutes' silence was instituted as part of the main commemorative ceremony at the new Cenotaph in London. The silence was proposed by Australian journalist Edward Honey, who was working in Fleet Street. At about the same time, a South African statesman made a similar proposal to the British Cabinet, which endorsed it. King George V personally requested all the people of the British Empire to suspend normal activities for two minutes on the hour of the armistice "which stayed the worldwide carnage of the four preceding years and marked the victory of Right and Freedom". The two minutes' silence was popularly adopted and it became a central feature of commemorations on Armistice Day.

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Commemorative ceremonies, such as ANZAC Day and Remembrance Day, share many customs and traditions. The central element of Remembrance Day ceremonies is the one minute's silence. Here is more information about the common features of a commemorative ceremony:

Laying of wreaths
The recitation
Sounding the Last Post
A period of silence
The Rouse and the Reveille
Red poppies
The Unknown Soldier
Reversed arms
A lone charger
The gun carriage
Rosemary
Flags at half mast
Rifle volleys and gun salutes
The lone piper and Flowers of the forest

http://www.awm.gov.au/commemoration/remembrance/tradition.htm

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